Sometimes, children may develop dental conditions that damage teeth severely enough to require restoration. In addition to improving the function and feeling of one’s teeth, some restorative procedures may also be used for cosmetic reasons, such as to close a gap between teeth or replace a missing tooth.
Information about common restorative methods is included below.
NuSmile Crowns provide a durable, full-coverage option for posterior (back) teeth that are severely decayed and damaged from early childhood caries (ECC). ECC – also known as “baby bottle rot” – is a bacterial infection causing severe decay in the teeth of young children. ECC is of epidemic proportions in the United States.
The crowns are easily placed on the affected teeth and are durable. They provide a strong protective cover for the remaining tooth structure and improve tooth function and esthetics.
Crowns may also be used to cover cracked or chipped teeth, thereby preventing the chip or crack from becoming larger, and to help keep bridgework from shifting.
When an adult tooth falls out or is knocked out, a bridge may be inserted that consists of a prosthetic tooth and a crown. The prosthetic tooth is placed in the empty space left by the missing tooth, and is held into place by the adjacent teeth and the crown.
In addition to improving a child’s ability to chew, bridges can also improve the child’s speaking abilities, the alignment of the child’s teeth, and the appearance of the child’s smile.
In addition to crowns, fillings may be used to address cracked or chipped teeth. However, fillings are most commonly used to repair cavities. Cavities develop when a substance called plaque, which forms from saliva, bacteria, acid, and food pieces, builds up in the mouth. Plaque tends to stick to teeth, where it slowly erodes the surface until holes, or cavities, are formed.
Before inserting a filling, which may be made of gold, porcelain, silver amalgam, plastic, or glass, the decayed part of the tooth is removed. The filling is then added to fill the void created by the removal of the decayed area.